Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira1*, Daylana Pacheco da Silva2 and Markelane Santana Silva2
1Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Estadual do Piauí, Rua Senador Joaquim Pires, Ininga, Brazil
2Graduate, School of Dentistry, State University of Piauí, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Estadual do Piauí, Rua Senador Joaquim Pires, Ininga, Brazil.
Received: December 18, 2017; Published: March 12, 2018
Citation: Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira., et al. “The Elderly’s Perception about their Oral Health”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.4 (2018).
Aim: Acquire knowledge of the elderly ́s perception about their oral health.
Methods: A prospective, exploratory and descriptive study was done. uestionnaires were applied and anamneses and clinic exam were done in 400 older adults assisted in the Family Health Strategy.
Results: Hypertension, cardiology diseases and diabetes were the most mentioned chronic illnesses, controlled by the donated drugs. The oral health was considered bad although the last dental consultation to the majority had been done between 6 months and 1 year ago, because they were with tooth pain, wishing to do extraction. In the extra oral examination, elderly ́s 6% showed angular cheilitis. In the intraoral examination only 8% were with cold sore, 6% were with inflamed alveolar ridge and 3% with hyperplasic gum. The odontogram showed that 74% of the sample have used prosthesis, total or partial, 3.2% were toothless with necessity of prosthesis. Only 4% of old adults had healthful remaining teeth.
Conclusion: The elderly considered their oral health conditions precarious and there was accumulated necessity of tooth treatment. The habit and frequency of oral hygiene need to be improved and should be oriented in the Family Health Srategy during the dental treatment.
Keywords:Oral Health; Elderly; Dentistry
Copyright: © 2018 Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.