Vladimir W Spolsky*
Division of Public Health and Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
*Corresponding Author: Vladimir W Spolsky, Associate Professor, Division of Public Health and Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
Received: January 23, 2017; Published: February 07, 2018
Citation: Vladimir W Spolsky. “History of the Epidemiologic Paradox”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.3 (2018).
A recent commentary in a journal has sparked a renewed interest in the term “epidemiologic paradox.” Wikipedia refers to it as Hispanic paradox or Latino paradox because of “the epidemiological finding that Hispanic and Latino Americans tend to have health outcomes... that are comparable to... or better than those of their U.S. non-Hispanic White counterparts” . The purpose of this review is to give a historical description of how the term evolved.
Teller and Clyburn were the first to use the term in discussing trends in infant mortality . Most early reports of the paradox were found in “vital statistics” reports from cities, counties and even U.S. census national sources from the Southwestern United States. Because Hispanic identifiers were not reported at that time, early reports were based on tabulations of vital statistics data . Almost thirty years later Forbes and Frisbie examined neonatal infant mortality rates in San Antonio and found that the paradox existed since at least 1940 . Although the paradox existed in the majority of instances, it was not always absolute, and tended to vary from decade to decade.
Copyright: © 2018 Vladimir W Spolsky. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.