Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Research ArticleVolume 2 Issue 2

Radiography Study of the Anatomic Position of the Mental Foramen in a Senegalese Population

Mamadou Lamine Ndiaye1*, Pape Abou Lecor2, Mamadou Diatta4, El Hadji Cyre Diop3, Mor Nguirane Diene3, Modou Makhfouse Diop1 and Babacar Toure3

1Department of Dento-Maxillofacial Radiology, Odontology, Faculty of Medicine (FMPO), University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal
2Department of Oral Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO), University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal
2Department of Conservative Odontology - Endodontics, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO), University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal
3Departement of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology (FMPO), University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal

*Corresponding Author: Mamadou Lamine Ndiaye, Department of Dento-Maxillofacial Radiology, Odontology, Faculty of Medicine(FMPO), University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal.

Received: December 29, 2017; Published: January 29, 2018

Citation: Mamadou Lamine Ndiaye., et al. “Radiography Study of the Anatomic Position of the Mental Foramen in a Senegalese Population”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.2 (2018).

Abstract

  The foramen mentonnier is a structure that is commonly encountered in various, maxillofacial surgery, oral, endodontic, implant surgery procedures. It is situated at an equal distance from the two edges of the mandible, on a vertical passing sometimes between the two premolars, sometimes by one or the other of these two teeth. However, variability on anatomy, individuals and ethnicity may be encountered. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomical topography of the mental foramen in a Senegalese population with digital panoramic radiography.

  This is a cross-sectional study. She had taken a panoramic X-ray of Senegalese subjects. The topography of the mental foramen was assessed on X-ray, both horizontally and vertically.

  The sample consisted of 121 panoramic X-rays. The mental foramen was visible in 77.3% (n = 187) on average. In the vertical direction, the apical position at the dental apex was the most frequent followed by the apical juxta position. The mental foramen was more closely aligned with the second premolar, 57.8% (n = 108), followed by second premolar-first molar and second premolarfirst premolar intervals.

  Indeed this study helps to know the topographic variability of the mental foramen in Senegalese subjects and to adopt standard benchmarks for anesthetic injection during dental care such as endodontics, surgery, implantology.

Keywords: Mandible; Radiography Panoramic; Mental Foramen; Anatomy

Copyright: © 2018 Mamadou Lamine Ndiaye., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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