Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira*, Carlos da Cunha Oliveira Júnior, Antonio Carlos Mendes de Moura and Thiago de Souza Braúna
Department of Clinical Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Estadual do Piauí – UESPI, Area of Integrated Clinic, Parnaíba, PI, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira, Department of Clinical Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Estadual do Piauí – UESPI, Area of Integrated Clinic, Parnaíba, PI, Brazil
Received: December 18, 2017; Published: January 10, 2018
Citation: Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira., et al. “Knowledge and Attitudes of Brazilian Nurses about Oral Health During Pregnancy”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.2 (2018).
Aim: To assess the attitudes and knowledge of nurses about oral health during pregnancy to perform prenatal the patients they assisted.
Methods: The questionnaires were applied to nurses of UBS in Parnaíba-PI, totaling 39 participants. They were divided in group 1 (G1) with 20 professionals who were oriented about oral health during the graduation and in group 2 (G2) with 19 nurses who had received no information about it. To compare the results was chosen the Fisher’s exact test, with significance level of p < 0.05.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference between G1 and G2 (p = 0.27). It was found that 24 nurses said guide pregnant women on oral health and 15 only occasionally. Regarding the submission to the dental appointment, 26 said yes; 2 do not forward and 11 forward only when necessary. It was observed that 38 answered that may occur during pregnancy oral changes and 32 believed that the pregnant woman is more susceptible to gingivitis and 20 of these professionals highlighted that the caries may be present in this period.
Conclusions: The most participants in this research showed their knowledge and attitudes with moderate level. The group who received the instructions during the graduation had best results however no significant difference statistics. It is high the number of professionals who are unaware of the benefit of dental care during the prenatal period.
Keywords: Oral Health; Pregnancy; Nurses
Copyright: © 2018 Ana de Lourdes Sá de Lira., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.