Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Review ArticleVolume 2 Issue 1

The Association between Parental Age, Education and Occupation (Familial Status) and Oral Health Status among Pre-school Children of Bhopal City, India

Binu Santha1*, Hongal Sudheer2, Vrinda S3, Manish Jain4 and Vidhatri Tiwari5

1Dental and Maxillofacial Department, State House Medical Center, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria
2Barbara Castle Dental Practice, Broadley Road, Harlow Essex, United Kingdom
3Garki General Hospital, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria
4Division Hospital, Nigeria Army, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Ikimi Nathan Ukuoghene, Dental and Maxillofacial Department, State House Medical Centre, Aso Rock, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.

Received: November 16, 2017; Published: December 11, 2017

Citation: Binu Santha., et al. “The Association between Parental Age, Education and Occupation (Familial Status) and Oral Health Status among Pre-school Children of Bhopal City, India”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 2.1 (2018).


Purpose: To investigate the association between parental age, education and occupation on the child’s oral health among preschool children of Bhopal, India.

Materials and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted among the Pre-school children and their parents of Bhopal City, Madhya Pradesh, India. The modified WHO oral health assessment proforma (1997) was used for this purpose. General information related to age, sex, educational level, occupation and monthly income were collected using a self-reported, close ended questionnaire. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS Version 20. Descriptive statistics and spearman’s correlation were applied wherever indicated.

Results: The study subjects comprised of a total of 1383 preschool children, out of which 759 (54.88%) were males and 624 (45.12%) were females. The prevalence of gingivitis among male study subjects was 3.69% and females were 3.21% and dental caries prevalence was in the range of 25.6% to 28.7%. Parental education had a correlation with gingivitis and a few were found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The prevalence of gingivitis among pre-schoolers was found to be low and dental caries prevalence was found to be moderate. The age, education and occupation of parents may have a strong impact on the oral health of preschool children. The maintenance of child’s dental health behaviour is of precedence as dental health is a marker of overall health.

Keywords: Oral Health; Dental Caries; Gingivitis; Parental Age; Parental Education; Parental Occupation

Copyright: © 2018 Binu Santha., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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