Acta Scientific Dental Sciences

Review ArticleVolume 1 Issue 4

Importance of Bucal Manifestations in Systemic Diseases: AIDS in Pediatric Dentistry

Pamela Istuque Fortes Borges1, Andrieli Alcântara1, Leticia Barbosa Coimbra1, Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho2*,Taylane Soffener Berlanga de Araújo1,2, Patrícia Garani Fernandes1,2 and Leandro Moreira Tempest1,2

1University Center North Paulista (Unorp), São José do Rio Preto – SP, Brazil
2Post Graduate and Continuing Education (Unipos), São José do Rio Preto SP, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho, Professor, Unipos - Post Graduate and Continuing Education, Street Ipiranga, São José do Rio Preto SP, Brazil.

Received: September 14, 2017; Published: September 30, 2017

Citation: Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho., et al. “Importance of Bucal Manifestations in Systemic Diseases: AIDS in Pediatric Dentistry". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 1.4 (2018).

Abstract

Introduction: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is considered pediatric when AIDS infection occurs from 0 to 13 years of age. AIDS infection is characterized by the appearance of a set of diseases considered as indicators and may be in the form of oral manifestations. Oral manifestations are very common and may be the first signs and symptoms of systemic change. These oral lesions may indicate the onset or evolution of some disease, and thus may function as an early warning system for some disease.

Objective: The objective of this study is to show to the health professional the importance of early recognition of oral manifestations of systemic diseases in HIV infected children. Methodology through literature review. We had the conclusion that the earlier the diagnosis of the disease, the better the patient’s quality of life.

Methods: Experimental and clinical studies were included (case reports, retrospective, prospective and randomized trials) with qualitative and/or quantitative analysis. Initially, the key words were determined by searching the DeCS tool (Descriptors in Health Sciences, BIREME base) and later verified and validated by MeSh system (Medical Subject Headings, the US National Library of Medicine) in order to achieve consistent search.

Conclusion: The oral cavity represents an area of manifestations of AIDS, and that candidiasis and periodontal diseases represented the lesions most occurring.

Keywords: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Pediatric Dentistry; Symptoms; Systemic Diseases

Copyright: © 2018 Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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