Acta Scientific Cancer Biology

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 2

Cervical Cancer Prevention: Current Scenario

Rajashree Dayanand Katke and Deepti Prasad2

1Professor and Head of Department, SRTR Medical College, Ambajogai, Ex Professor and Unit Head, Department of Obestetrics and Gynecology, Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai
2Ex Assistant Professor (OBGY), Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai

*Corresponding Author: Rajashree Dayanand Katke, Professor and Head of Department, SRTR Medical College, Ambajogai, Ex Professor and Unit Head, Department of Obestetrics and Gynecology, Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai.

Received: December 30, 2019; Published: January 18, 2020

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  Gynaecological malignancies are one of the leading cause of cancer related morbidity and mortality in women. After working many years in the field of gynecology oncology and related research work, I am keen to share my experience and knowledge with all. In developing country like India, cervical cancer was leading cause of morbidity and mortality amongst women with gynecological cancer, however now because of improving awareness about risk factors, prevention of HPV infection via vaccine, screening tests, advancement in early diagnosis and treatment, the burden has fallen compared to previous years although it still remains major matter of concern. In US and countries where PAP smear screening and treatment of cervical dysplasia are widely implemented, ovarian cancer is responsible for more cancer deaths each year than cancer of uterine corpus and cervix combined. Cervical cancer being one of the important cause of death amongst gynaecological malignancy across world but important thing is it is potentially preventable[1]. The cancer itself has been graded into stages so if we diagnose it at earlier stage the curability and 5 year survival rate is better with advancement in treatment modalities such as innovation in Radiation Oncology and Chemotherapy.

Global scenario

  From WHO mortality database, 5.7 lakh cases of cervical cancer and 3.11 lakhs death occurred in 2018 [2]. Cervical cancer was fourth most common cancer in women globally and leading cause of cancer related death in women in Africa. China and India together contributed to more than a third global burden.

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References

  1. Rajshree., et al. “Palliative Care of the Patient with Advanced, Recurrent and Metastatic Cervical Cancer: An Institutional Study”. Open Access Journal of Gynecology 3.2 (2018): 2474-9230. 
  2. Ferlay Ir., et al. Estimates of incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in 2018: a worldwide analysis, Marc Arbyn, PhD Elisabete Weiderpass, PhD Laia Bruni, MD Silvia de Sanjosé, PhD Mona Saraiya, MD Jacques (2019).
  3. Chatterjee A. “The next generation of HPV vaccines: Nonavalent vaccine V503 on the horizon”. Expert Review of Vaccines 13.11 (2014): 1279-1290. 
  4. Bosch FX., et al. “HPV‐FASTER: Broadening the scope for prevention of HPV‐related cancer”. Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology 13 (2016): 119-132. 
  5. Arbyn M., et al. “Accuracy of human papillomavirus testing on self‐collected versus clinician‐collected samples: A meta‐analysis”. The Lancet Oncology 15 (2014): 172-183. 
  6. Molecular Diagnostics of Human Papillomavirus Ashley Arney, MT(ASCP)CM, Katie M. Bennett, PhD, MB(ASCP)CM Laboratory Medicine 41.9 (2010): 523-530.
  7. New WHO guide to prevent and control cervical cancer, Melbourne (2014).
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Citation

Citation: Rajashree Dayanand Katke and Deepti Prasad. "Cervical Cancer Prevention: Current Scenario".Acta Scientific Cancer Biology 4.2 (2020): 01-03.



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