Clinical and Demographic Profile of Geriatric Patients in Eastern India
Seema Devi1*, Rajesh Kumar Singh2, Abhishek Kumar3, Raina Rana4 and Aman Prakash5
1Additional Professor, State Cancer Institute, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
2Professor and HOD, State Cancer Institute, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
3PG 3rd Year, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
4PG 2nd Year, State Cancer Institute, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
5Statistician, State Cancer Institute, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India
*Corresponding Author: Seema Devi, Additional Professor, State Cancer Institute, Department of Radiation Oncology, IGIMS, Patna, India.
May 08, 2023; Published: May 30, 2023
Background Information: A person who is of age of 60 years or above defined as elderly or senior citizen, citizen of India. As per maintenance and welfare of patients and senior citizen Act 2007 (1) Older population is rapidly increasing in most of the countries. This increase in older population has created new field of medicine “Gerontology”.
Material and Method: A retrospective analysis has been done in State Cancer Institute Patna for year 2014 to 2021. Cut-off age was kept as 85 years at the time of registration in Hospital based Registry Programme. All the biopsy proven cases either by FNAC or Biopsy proven were included.
Result: In our study total cases registered 32057 from year 2014 to 2021 6830 patients were registered from age 60 years to 85 years, which were 25.88% of total cancer patients. In year wise distribution 922(8.1%) cases were registered in 2014, 1188 (10.4%) cases in 2015, 1513(13.35%) in 2016, 2258(19.93%) in 2017, 2061 (18.19%) in 2018, 665(5.8%) in 2019,1284(11.33%) cases in 2020,1437 12.8% cases in 2021 were registered in this age group.
Conclusion: Screening and early detection may help to reduce the severity of disease like gallbladder, head and neck carcinoma, carcinoma cervix. Treatment with comorbidities like diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, low nutritional level are the barriers to provide, curative treatment in this age group of patients.
Keywords: Gerontology; Cancer; Geriatrics; Clinical Profile
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