Acta Scientific Agriculture (ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Yield and Quality of Tomato Influenced by Different Sources of Fertilizers and Levels of Fertigation

Ahmad Shah Mohammadi1* and Mohammad Yosof Amini2

1Horticulture Department, Herat University, Afghanistan

2Plant Protection Department, Herat University, Afghanistan

*Corresponding Author: Ahmad Shah Mohammadi, Horticulture Department, Herat University, Afghanistan.

Received: December 02, 2019; Published: December 17, 2019

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Abstract

  Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) belongs to Solanaceae family is one of the most important vegetables from nutritive as well as consumption point of view. Tomato is one of the most popular and widely grown vegetable crops in the world. Applying of fertilizers through fertigation can reduce fertilizer wasting and increased plant uptake nutrients. A greenhouse and open field experiments were conducted to know the influenced of different sources of fertilizers (NPK: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potasium) and levels of fertigation on yield and quality of tomato. The study consisted of two supplied through fertigation and soil application at three levels (100, 125 and 150 per cent recommended dose of fertilizers where recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF) is 250:250:250 Kg NPK ha-1) of nutrient. Application of 125% of water soluble fertilizers (18:18:18) with recommended dose of (250:250:250 Kg/ha) through fertigation decreased the number of days (31.33 days) taken for 50 per cent flowering, number of days taken (50.33 days) from first flower emergence to fruit maturity and increased number of inflorescence and flowers per inflorescence per plant (14.60 inflorescences and 53.20 flowers respectively). It also increased fruit setting percentage (88.44%), number of fruit per plant(75.13), fruit per m2 (300.53), mean weight of fruits per plant (346.12g), yield per plant (3.92 kg), yield per m2 (15.70 kg) and yield per hectare (159.30 t) respectively. It showed around 279.13 per cent increasing of yield per hectare under greenhouse condition compared to other control under open field condition.

Keywords: Tomato; Fertilizer; Fertigation; Yield; Quality

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References

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  2. Tu JC., et al. “Effect of Drip Irrigation and Drip Fertigation on Yield of Processing Tomato in South Western Ontario”. Acta Horticulture 635 (2004): 195-200.
  3. Hebbar SS., et al. “Studies on NPK Drip Fertigation on Field Grown Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)”. European Journal of Agronomy 21.1 (2004): 117-127.
  4. Lara D., et al. “Response of Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Sown in the non-optimal Season to Ferti-irrigation on a Compacted Red Ferralitic Soil”. Cultivar Tropicales 17.1 (1996): 8-9.
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Citation

Citation: Ahmad Shah Mohammadi and Mohammad Yosof Amini. "Yield and Quality of Tomato Influenced by Different Sources of Fertilizers and Levels of Fertigation". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 81-89-68.



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