Acta Scientific Agriculture (ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Plant Growth Regulatory and Insecticidal Effect of Silica Nano-Composites on Brinjal Crop

Manjit Kaur1*, Sanjeev Kalia1 and Abhishek Mathur2

1RIMT University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India
2NCS Green Earth Pvt. Ltd., Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author: Manjit Kaur, Research Scholar, Department of Zoology, RIMT University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India.

Received: November 28, 2019; Published: December 12, 2019

×

Abstract

  Silica performs like a super growth supplement advised for use throughout the lifecycle of plant. Silica creates strong cell wall which leads to stronger and bigger branches and stem. This uptakes and transport more water, nutrients and plant secretions throughout the plant body, facilitating faster growth rate and stronger plant. This also helps the plant bear the load of the fruits at later stage. Silica enables enhanced metabolic function, showing higher concentration of chlorophyll in leafy tissues. It also enables better use of CO2 and higher rate of photosynthesis. Silica accelerates synthesis of protein and starch, increasing brix level in plants. Silica activates at least 60 different enzymes involved in plant growth. In the present investigation, Silica nano-composites were prepared by the use of silica solubilizing bacteria in silica derived potassium silicate. The results were found to be very significant as silica nano-composites increases the plant height of brinjal, number of leaves, number of new shoots and number of flowers in comparison to control. The silica nano- composites also showed reduction of the wide spread of insects and pests in brinjal crop. After 7 days of spray there was remarkable glow in the plant and vibrant vegetative growth. This leads to higher yield, better quality, weight, color, taste and longer shelf life.

Keywords: Silica; Agricultural Productivity; Plant Height; Leaves; Shoots; Flowers; Growth of Brinjal Crop

×

References

  1. Agarie S., et al. “Effects of silicon on tolerance to water deficit and heat stress in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.), monitored by electrolyte leakage”. Plant Production Science 1 (1998): 96-103. 
  2. Ahmad R., et al. “Role of silicon in salt tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)”. Plant Science 85 (1992): 43-50. 
  3. Ahmed M., et al. “Silicon application and drought tolerance mechanism of sorghum”. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6 (2011): 594-607. 
  4. Al-Karaki., et al. “Phosphorus nutrition and water stress effects on proline accumulation in sorghum and bean”. Journal of Plant Physiology 148 (1996): 745-751. 
  5. Alvarez J., et al. “Economics of calcium silicate slag application in a rice-sugarcane rotation in the Everglades”. Agric Systems 28 (1988): 179-188. 
  6. Ashraf M., et al. “Growth and photosynthetic characteristics in pearl millet under water stress and different potassium supply”. Photosynthetica 39 (2001): 389-394. 
  7. Bakhat HF., et al. “Optimal level of silicon for maize (Zea mays L. c.v. Amadeo) growth in nutrient solution under controlled conditions”. The Proceedings of the International Plant Nutrition Colloquium (2009). 
  8. Barcelo J., et al. “Silicon amelioration of aluminium toxicity in teosinte (Zea mays L. ssp. mexicana)”. Plant Soil 154 (1993): 249-255.
  9. Carpita NC. “Structure and biogenesis of the cell walls of grasses”. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 47 (1996): 445-476. 
  10. Chapman HD. Diagnostic criteria for plants and soils. University of California Division of Agricultural Sciences Riverside (1966). 
  11. Chen CH and J Lewin. “Silicon as a nutrient element for Equisetum arvense”. Canadian Journal of Botany 47 (1969): 125-131. 
  12. Chen W., et al. “Silicon alleviates drought stress of rice plants by improving plant water status, photosynthesis and mineral nutrient absorption”. (2010). 
  13. Clements HF. “Interaction of factors affecting yield”. Annual Review of Plant Biology 15 (1964): 409-442. 
  14. Clements HF. “The roles of calcium silicate slags in sugarcane growth”. Rep Hawaiian Sugarcane Technol (1965): 103-126. 
  15. Cocker KM., et al. “The amelioration of aluminum toxicity by silicon in higher plants: Solution chemistry or an in planta mechanism?”. Physiologia Planetarium 104 (1998): 608-614.
  16. Datnoff LE., et al. “Silicon and plant disease”. In Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease (2007): 233-246. 
  17. Dawkins R and Krebs JR. “Arms races between and within species”. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 205 (1979): 489-511.
  18. Delhaize E., et al. “Aluminum tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) II. Aluminumstimulated excretion of malic acid from root apices”. Plant Physiology 103 (1993): 695-702.
  19. Epstein E. “Silicon”. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 50 (1999): 641-664.
  20. Epstein E and Bloom AJ. “Mineral Nutrition of Plants: Principles and Perspectives 2nd edn”. Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinauer Associates (2005).
  21. Fauteux F., et al. “The protective role of silicon in the Arabidopsis-powdery mildew pathosystem”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (2006): 17554-17559.
  22. Hartmann T. “The lost origin of chemical ecology in the late 19th century”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 (2008): 4541-4546.
  23. Hodson MJ., et al. “Phylogenetic variation in the silicon composition ofplants”. Annals of Botany 96 (2005): 1027-1046.
  24. Holab EB. “The arms race is ancient history in Arabidopsis, the wildflower”. Nature Reviews Genetics 2 (2001): 516-527.
  25. Jander G and Howe G. “Plant interactions with arthropod herbivores: state of the field”. Plant Physiology 146 (2008): 801-803.
  26. Kinrade SD., et al. “Stable five- and sixcoordinated silicate anions in aqueous solution”. Science 285 (1999): 1542-1545.
  27. Korndo¨ rfer GH Ed. “III Silicon in Agriculture Conference”. Uberlˆandia, Brazil: Universidad Federal de Uberlˆandia (2005).
  28. Ma JF. “Silicon requirement in rice”. III Silicon in Agriculture Conference, Ed. G.H. Korndorfer, (2005): 52-61.
  29. Ma JF and Tamai K. “Characterization of silicon uptake by rice”. II Silicon in Agriculture Conference (2002): 111-113.
  30. Silicon in Agriculture Organizing Committee and Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition: Tsuruoka, Japan.
  31. McKersie BD and Leshem YY. “Stress and Stress Coping in Cultivated Plants”. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers (1994).
  32. Pessarakli. “Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. 2nd edn, Revised and Expanded”. New York, Basel: Marcel Dekker (1999).
  33. Rafi MM., et al. “Silicon deprivation causes physical abnormalities in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)”. Journal of Plant Physiology 151 (1997): 497-501.
  34. Rafi MM and Epstein E. “Silicon absorption by wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)”. Plant and Soil 211 (1999): 223-230.
  35. Rains DW., et al. “Active silicon uptake by wheat”. Plant and Soil 280 (2006): 223-228.
×

Citation

Citation: Manjit Kaur., et al. “Plant Growth Regulatory and Insecticidal Effect of Silica Nano-Composites on Brinjal Crop". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 65-68.



Member In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US