Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Mycorrhizal Fungi in the Formation of Seedlings of Passion Fruit, in Organic and Commercial Substrates

Geslanny Oliveira Sousa, Valéria Lima Barbosa, Eleonora Barbosa Santiago da Costa, Francisco de Assys Romero da Mota Sousa*, Priscila Gonçalves Figueiredo de Sousa

Postgraduate Program in Agronomy, Federal University of Paraíba, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Francisco de Assys Romero da Mota Sousa, Postgraduate Program in Agronomy, Federal University of Paraíba, Brazil.

Received: November 04, 2019; Published: December 26, 2019

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Abstract

  The genus Passiflora is one of the species of greatest economic interest in all Brazilian regions. The main obstacle to the best development of fruit growing is the availability of selected seedlings. The objective of the present work is to develop alternatives to improve seedling production, reducing production costs, characterizing the effect of organic and commercial substrates, associated with the mycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum, on the growth of passionflower seedlings in the region of Imperatriz-MA. The work was developed at the Center of Technological Diffusion (CDT), area of the INFRAERO of Imperatriz-MA. The experimental design was the fully updated with five treatments and six replicates, being distributed as: T1: Bioplant 100%; T2: Black soil, rice straw and chicken manure in the proportion of 2: 2: 1; T3: Black soil, rice straw and bovine manure in a ratio of 1: 1: 1; T4: 100% black earth; T5: 100% black earth and 5 g of mycorrhizal fungi. The analyzed variables were: number of leaves, shoot growth, stem diameter, fresh and dry mass of root and shoot. The treatment corresponding to the soil + mycorrhiza (Glomus etunicatum), was similar to the treatment with commercial substrate (Bioplant). Bioplant and soil + mycorrhizal substrates obtained better results regarding stem diameter, root growth, fresh biomass and dry biomass compared to the other substrates. Treatment with bovine manure substrate presented lower vegetative growth.

Keywords: Waste; Substrate; Manure; Passiflora edulis; Glomus etunicatum

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Citation

Citation: Francisco de Assys Romero da Mota Sousa., et al. “Mycorrhizal Fungi in the Formation of Seedlings of Passion Fruit, in Organic and Commercial Substrates".Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.1 (2020): 115-119.



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