Acta Scientific Agriculture (ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Factors Affecting Adoption of Indigenous Strategies for Climate Change Adaptation in Imo State, Nigeria (A Survey Using Systematic Sampling of Households in Orlu Local Government Area)

Ahaotu EO1* and Akagha NU2

1Department of Animal Production Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Ahaotu EO, Department of Animal Production Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria.

Received: November 22, 2019; Published: December 10, 2019

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Abstract

  This study aims to find out the indigenous people’s experiences on climate change impacts in Imo State, Nigeria and identify their adaptation strategies. It also envisaged establishing the factors affecting adoption of indigenous climate change adaptation strategies in Nigeria. The study will help in proper targeting of adaptation measures among indigenous communities in Nigeria and avoid past trends where by measures have often failed. The study used descriptive statistics to analyze the data collected. The study found out that indigenous people experienced a serious reduction in rainfall amounts and changes in rainfall patterns. There have been increases in temperature, wind strengths and length of dry periods. These have had various negative impacts on their livelihoods. The study established that perception of climate change has a significant positive relationship with adoption of indigenous adaptation strategies. Socio-economic factors of age, local experience, income level, income diversity and land size were found to have positive significant relationships while education and household dependency had a negative significant relationship with adoption. House hold size and gender had no significant relationship. Institutional factors such as information access, market access, credit access, participation and membership to social networks were found to have a positive significant relationship with adoption of indigenous climate change adaptation strategies. Individualization of land tenure was also found to negatively affect adoption. Access to extension service had a significant negative relationship with adoption. This study recommended the need to orient climate change adaptation measures on indigenous people’s perceptions and strategies taking cognizance of their underlying factors. Prior assessments before undertaking adaptation actions are thus recommended.

Keywords: Indigenous Climate Change; Length of Dry Periods; Household Size and Gender

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Citation

Citation: Ahaotu EO and Akagha NU. “Factors Affecting Adoption of Indigenous Strategies for Climate Change Adaptation in Imo State, Nigeria (A Survey Using Systematic Sampling of Households in Orlu Local Government Area)".Acta Scientific Agriculture 4.1 (2020): 49-55.



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