Drought Tolerance in Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) Genotypes during the
Flowering Stage of Development
Puobi RE*, Asare AT, Otwe EP and Galyuon IKA
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
*Corresponding Author: Puobi RE, Department of Molecular Biology and
Biotechnology, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
April 13, 2023; Published: July 04, 2023
Regardless of the usefulness of soybeans in Ghana, the rate of consumption is far beyond production. This could be attributed to factors relating to soil, unavailability of improved varieties, and climate change. Twenty-one exotic soybean genotypes and a local variety were assessed for their responses to drought stress at the flowering stage of development using pot experiment. One group (experimental) was exposed to drought stress by withholding water for 15 days whilst the other group (control) was watered regularly at three days interval. Data collected were analyzed using analyses of variance (ANOVA). The pot screening method revealed that number of leaves, plant height, stem girth, leaf area, number of flowers, relative leaf water content and days to permanent wilting differed significantly (p < 0.05) at 15 days of drought exposure.
Keywords: Soybean Genotypes; Drought Tolerance; Flowering Stage; Climate Change
- Somerville Chris and John Briscoe. “Genetic Engineering and Water”. Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) 292.5525 (2001): 2217-2217.
- Wery J., et al. “Screening Techniques and Sources of Tolerance to Extremes of Moisture and Air Temperature in Cool Season Food Legumes”. Euphytica Springer Science and Business Media LLC 73.1-2 (1993): 73-83.
- Buezo Javier., et al. "Drought tolerance response of high-yielding soybean varieties to mild drought: physiological and photochemical adjustments”. Physiologia Plantarum 166.1 (2019): 88-104.
- Hao Shurong Xiangping Guo and Wenjuan Wang. "Aftereffects of water stress on corn growth at different stages”. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering 26.7 (2010): 71-75.
- Liu Hongzhan., et al. "Influence of rewatering on compensatory effect of maize seedling roots with diluted seawater irrigation”. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering 28.3 (2012): 101-106106.
- Xue HY., et al. "Responses of spectral reflectance, photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence in cotton during drought stress and rewatering”. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 46.1 (2013): 2386-2393.
- WU Zheng-lin and You-zhi ZHANG. "Effects of exogenous auxin on physiological and biochemical characteristics of soybean under PEG simulated drought stress”. Hubei Agricultural Sciences 58.6 (2019): 16.
- Dai, H. “Study of physiological mechanism on drought-wet change and compensative effect of crops”. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences 35.32 10222-10224.
- Luo YinLing., et al. "Physiological response of Kalanchoe tubiflora leaves to drought stress and rewatering”. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 22.4 (2014): 391-398.
- LI Guang-Hui., et al. "Photosynthetic characteristics in different peanut cultivars under conditions of drought and re-watering at seedling stage”. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology 38.7 (2014): 729.
- Bu LD., et al. "The physiological mechanism of compensation effect in maize leaf by rewatering after draught stress”. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica 18.2 (2009): 88-92.
- Wang Ning., et al. "Effects of drought stress and rewatering on growth and physiological characteristics of invasive Aegilops tauschii seedlings”. Acta Prataculturae Sinica 28.1 (2019): 70-78.
- Li J and Y Nong. "Effects of drought stress on growth, physiological and biochemical characteristics of two sugarcane varieties”. Anhui Agricultural Science Bulletin 24.21 (2018): 25-28.
- Wu R., et al. "Physiological response of flax seedlings with different drought-resistances to drought stress”. Acta Agric Boreali-Sinica 34 (2019): 145-153.
- Mensah Philip., et al. "Scanning digital holography at 10.6 μm for large scene reconstruction”. Journal of Physics Communications 2.5 (2018): 055018.
- Abdou Razakou Ibrahim BY. “Using morphological and physiological factors to evaluate six cowpea varieties for drought tolerance” (2012).
- Doggett H. "Sorghum 2nd Edition Tropical Agriculture”. Series Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex, England (1988).
- Barrs HD and PE Weatherley. "A re-examination of the relative turgidity technique for estimating water deficits in leaves”. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 15.3 (1962): 413428.
- Dong Shoukun., et al. “A Study on Soybean Responses to Drought Stress and Rehydration”. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 26.8 (2019): 2006-2017.
- Pagter Majken Claudia Bragato and Hans Brix. "Tolerance and physiological responses of Phragmites australis to water deficit”. Aquatic Botany 81.4 (2005): 285-299.
- Sun Xuezhao., et al. "Lambs fed fresh winter forage rape (Brassica napus L.) emit less methane than those fed perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.), and possible mechanisms behind the difference”. PloS One 10.3 (2015): e0119697.
- Licht Mark and Sotirios Archontoulis. "Influence of drought on corn and soybean” (2017).
- Gallardo M., et al. “RESPONSE OF STEM DIAMETER TO WATER STRESS IN GREENHOUSE-GROWN VEGETABLE CROPS”. Acta Horticulturae, International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS) 664 (2004): 253-260.
- Gallardo M., et al. "Use of stem diameter variations to detect plant water stress in tomato”. Irrigation Science 24 (2006): 241-255.
- Molz Fred J and Betty Klepper. "On the Mechanism of Water-Stress-Induced Stem Deformation 1”. Agronomy Journal 65.2 (1973): 304-306.
- Dobbs RC and DRM Scott. “Distribution of Diurnal Fluctuations in Stem Circumference of Douglas-fir”. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Canadian Science Publishing 1.2 (1971): 80-83.
- Jarvis PG. "Water transfer in plants”. In'Heat and Mass Transfer in the Biosphere'. Part 1. Transfer processes in the plant environment (Eds D. A. deVries andN. H. Afgan.) (1975): 369-394.
- Goldhamer David and Elias Fereres. “Irrigation Scheduling Protocols Using Continuously Recorded Trunk Diameter Measurements”. Irrigation Science, Springer Science and Business Media LLC 20.3 (2001): 115-125.
- Lenssen A. "Soybean response to drought”. Iowa State University Extension” (2012).
- Chowdhury Soumitra Paul., et al. "Biocontrol mechanism by root-associated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42-a review”. Frontiers in Microbiology 6 (2015): 780.
- Lugojan C and S Ciulca. "Evaluation of relative water content in winter wheat”. Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology 15.2 (2011): 173-177.
- Nova KV and J Lipiec. "Water extraction by roots under environmental stresses”. Pollution and Water Resources, Columbia University Seminar Proceedings: Impact of Anthropogenic Activity and Climate Changes on the Environment of Central Europe and USA. New York, NY, USA: Columbia University Press (2012).
- Ribas-Carbo Miquel., et al. "Effects of water stress on respiration in soybean leaves”. Plant Physiology 139.1 (2005): 466-473.
- FLEXAS JAUME., et al. “Understanding Down-regulation of Photosynthesis Under Water Stress: Future Prospects and Searching for Physiological Tools for Irrigation Management”. Annals of Applied Biology 144.3 (2004): 273-283.