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Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences (ASPS)(ISSN: 2581-5423)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 8

Heavy Metal (Cadmium) Poisoning

Amrita Kumari* and Suman Sharma

Department of Life Sciences and Allied Health Sciences, Sant Baba Bhag Singh University, Jalandhar, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author: Amrita Kumari, Department of Life Sciences and Allied Health Sciences, Sant Baba Bhag Singh University, Jalandhar, Punjab, India.

Received: June 30, 2020; Published: July 31, 2020

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It is my privilege to write this article to the journal of Acta Scientific: Pharmaceutical Sciences. As we all know, heavy metals are one of the important sources of contaminating the environment.

Heavy metals are traditionally defined as elements with metallic properties and an atomic number >20. The most common heavy metal contaminants are Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb and Zn. It has been reported that some heavy metals like nickel, cobalt, chromium, zinc, manganese, molybdenum and selenium are essential for biochemical and physiological functions of the body while other metals such as arsenic, mercury, lead and cadmium are poisonous to living organisms even at low quantities [1]. When heavy metals are not metabolized by the body, they become toxic and start accumulating in tissues. Now a days, heavy metal environmental contamination is attaining global attention, because human health is being affected by these toxic metals [2].

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References

  1. Danielyan A. “The problem of pollution with heavy metals and possible risks related to that in watersheds with the developed metallurgical industry”. In: BALWOIS, Conference. Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia (2010): 1-9.
  2. Ayodeji FB and Olorunsola OE. “Siam weed along highways, herbal medicine or poison?” Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 3 (2011).: 487-493.
  3. Mannino D., et al. “Urinary cadmium levels predict lower lung function in current and former smokers: data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey”.Thorax3 (2004): 194-198.
  4. Stohs SJ., et al. “Oxidative mechanisms in the toxicity of chromium and cadmium ion”. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology3(2000): 201-203.
  5. Newairy AA., et al. “The hepatoprotective effects of selenium against cadmium toxicity in rats”. Toxicology 1-3 (2007): 23-30.
  6. Chang X., et al. “Metallothionein 1 isoform mRNA expression in peripheral lymphocytes as a biomarker for occupationalcadmium exposure”. Experimental Biology and Medicine6(2009): 666-672.
  7. Sigel A., et al. “Metallothionein’s and related chelators (Metal Ions in Life Sciences)”. AngewandteChemie International Edition 48(2009): 7965-7967.
  8. Nordberg GF., et al. “Distribution of cadmium among protein fractions of mouse liver”. Acta Pharmacologica Et Toxicological 5(1971): 456-470.
  9. Wittman R and Hu H. “Cadmium exposure and nephropathy in a 28-year-old female metals worker”. Environmental Health Perspectives12(2002): 1261-1266.
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Citation

Citation: Amrita Kumari and Suman Sharma. “Heavy Metal (Cadmium) Poisoning". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.8 (2020): 116-117.



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