Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 8

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children: An An Electron-based Paediatric Pulmonary Magnetic Resonance Imaging Device to Avoid Administering General Anaesthesia to Paediatric Patients while being Imaged by Exploiting the ‘Celalettin Tunnel Conjecture’

Metin Celalettin1* and Horace King2

1TEPS, Victoria University, Australia
2College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, Australia

*Corresponding Author: Metin Celalettin, TEPS, Victoria University, Australia.

Received: June 26, 2020; Published: July 30, 2020

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Abstract

The ‘Celalettin-Field Quantum Observation Tunnel’ (Celalettin Tunnel) is a quantum observation technique. It is within a pneumatic manifold of Euclidean space where the randomness of particle Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) is mitigated via electric polarization. It is described by the Celalettin Tunnel Conjecture: The presence of an electric field affects the nuclear spin of the particles within the pneumatic manifold. The manifold, namely the IC-Manifold, or Invizicloud© is unique as its axioms are a combination of classical and quantum non-logical parameters. The IC-Manifold has a variable density and exists only according to ‘Celalettin’s two rules of quantum interaction:

  • Quantum interaction causes quantum observation during fundamental particle interactions with orbital angular momentum electric polarized atoms within the IC-Manifold causing depolarization.
  • The photoelectric effect is not limited to solids but can occur in an IC-Manifold.

The ‘Celalettin Tunnel Conjecture’ can be exploited to make proposals to ‘Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machines, such that it could develop an MRI for paediatric use. Paediatric patients are typically administered a General Anaesthesia when undergoing MRI imaging due to the requirement to stay still for extended periods. MRI developed from NMR uses the same phenomena to identify chemical structures based on a spectrum. A technique; in vivo MR spectrograph allows chemical identification on specific parts of the brain. Looking at whether the cells in a brain tumour contain alpha-hydroxy glutaric acid differentiates gliomas that have a mutation in the IDH1 or IDH2 gene for example. Pulse sequences to glean biochemical information non-invasively can be recalibrated for different patients.

In an MRI, the flip angle is the rotation of the nuclear spin vector relative to the main magnetic field. To improve the signal with an MRI, the flip angle needs to be chosen using the Ernst angle. A 90° flip angle using the Ernst angle will yield the maximum signal intensity (or signal-to-noise ratio) per number of averaged Free Induction Decays (FID)s. The flips are done over and over against while the patient stays still, and the average number of nuclear spin ensembles is taken to produce the image. This can involve the patient remaining still for up to five minutes.

This study explores a 180° flip angle could be achieved, then rather than taking several measurements over the five-minute imaging time experienced by the patient, it could produce a decisive image one measurement. The way to do this would be to focus on the electron rather than the proton. Free electrons are not only aligned with a magnetic field but can be manipulated to be pulled into the direction of the south pole.

Keywords: Celalettin Tunnel; Magnetic Resonance; Anaesthesia

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Citation

Citation: Metin Celalettin and Horace King. “An Electron-based Paediatric Pulmonary Magnetic Resonance Imaging Device to Avoid Administering General Anaesthesia to Paediatric Patients while being Imaged by Exploiting the ‘Celalettin Tunnel Conjecture’". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 3.8 (2020): 56-61.



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