Ebtisam Bakhsh1, Anas H Barakat2 and Emad R Issak3*
1College of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Consultant of Internal Medicine, Director of Clinical Audit and General Director of Health Affairs of Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Specialist of Internal Medicine and Research Director, Nova Clinics, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Emad R Issak, Specialist of Internal Medicine and Research Director, Nova Clinics, Zahraa Al-Maadi, Cairo, Egypt.
Received: July 22, 2020; Published: August 31, 2020
Background :Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a universal health problem` which causes mortality. Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism is useful in decreasing mortality and morbidity rates. There is a worldwide deficiency in awareness about venous thromboembolism.
Aims :To investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis between medical staff in Saudi medical community before and after a training workshop.
Materials and Methods :This study includes three medical professions from 20 rural hospitals in Saudi Arabia. A survey was used to record their answers. Data analyzed using suitable statistical methods.
Results :Training has a significant (p < 0.001) positive impact on the awareness of the availability of VTE guidelines (39.9% and 90.9%) before and after training, respectively. Also, the availability of risk assessment form has been increased (p < 0.001) after training (37.5% and 89.1%) before and after training, respectively. Participants’ prescription of VTE prophylaxis for patients upon admission was significantly (p-value < 0.001) increased (23.2% and 67.6%) before and after training, respectively. Before training, most of the hospitals had no mechanical prophylaxis devices (84.3%). However, after training this percent decreased (38.9%) significantly (p < 0.001). The most prevalent barrier to implement thromboprophylaxis guidelines fully was that each physician had his own approach to provide thromboprophylaxis (50.2%). That was decreased significantly (p < 0.001) after training (35.6%).
Conclusion :Training and education are very important to help increase the awareness and to change attitudes of health care providers toward VTE prophylaxis. Addressing the barriers toward VTE prophylaxis implementation is necessary. Health care providers are willing to help in planning and implementation and this is an excellent strategy for implementation of VTE prophylaxis.
Keywords: VTE; VTE Prophylaxis; VTE Guidelines; Training; Attitude
Citation: Emad R Issak., et al. “Do Training Programs Change the Attitude of Health Care Providers toward Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis?". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.9 (2020): 137-144.
Copyright: © 2020 Emad R Issak., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.