Nataliya Petrova*, Michail Duben, Sarkis Pogosyan and Vladimir Bratslavsky
First Saint - Petersburg State Medical University, I.P. Pavlov, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Nataliya Petrova, First Saint - Petersburg State Medical University, I.P. Pavlov, Russia.
Received: July 22, 2020; Published: August 12, 2020
The doctors and nurses belong to “person-person” professions. The features of these professions are: high responsibility, a large number of contacts with people, including the people with negative emotions. So they have the high risk of emotional stress. The work in emergency services is the work in difficult and even extreme situations with a high level of response, consequences for life and health. So this medical staff have a real risk of BS with its negative influence to health. In this article the results of BS study among emergency medical workers are presented. It was used a three-factor model of K. Maslach and S. Jackson (in the adaptation of N.E. Vodopianova): the level of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, reduction of professional achievements were analyzed. The study involved 125 employees. The distribution according to the degree of emotional exhaustion was as follows: 10.8% of the respondents had a low degree, 16.2% had an average degree, 32.4% had a high degree and 40.6% had an extremely high degree of emotional exhaustion. The distribution by the degree of depersonalization was as follows: 5.4% of the respondents had a medium degree, 10.8% had a high degree, 83.8% had an extremely high degree. The distribution by the degree of depersonalization was as follows: 62.2% of the respondents had a low degree, 32.4% - an average degree and 5.4% of employees had a high degree. The distribution of emotional burnout in total was as follows: 2.7% of respondents had a low degree, 8.1% had an average degree, 37.8% had a high degree, and 51.4% of respondents had an extremely high degree of emotional burnout. There are differences between some groups of respondents. The necessity of measures for the prevention of the syndrome among doctors has been proved.
Keywords: Burnout Syndrome; Medical Workers; Doctors’ and Nursing’ Health
Citation: Nataliya Petrova., et al. “Burnout Syndrome (BS) among Emergency Medical Workers". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.9 (2020): 04-07.
Copyright: © 2020 Nataliya Petrova., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.