T Pratheep* and G Venkat Kumar
Department of Biotechnology, PRIST Deemed to University, India
*Corresponding Author: T Pratheep, Department of Biotechnology, PRIST Deemed to University, India.
Received: October 23, 2020; Published: November 27, 2020
Coronavirus (CoV) have previously been considered as relatively non-virulent respiratory pathogens to human. Beginning of the 21st century, three CoV’s have crossed the species barrier to cause high pathogenic and mortality rates in human populations. However, two epidemic of severe respiratory tract infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) deadly diseases in human. Another one, named SARS-CoV-2 is ongoing outbreak of atypical pneumonia and pandemic to global population. This brought CoV alert and highlighted the importance of controlling infectious pathogens at worldwide. In this review, we focus on present understanding of the epidemiology, pathology, transmission, prevention, and treatment of SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2.
Keywords: Coronavirus; SARS-CoV; MERS-CoV; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19
Citation: T Pratheep and G Venkat Kumar. “Spotlight of Twenty First Century Betacoronaviruses". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.12 (2020): 109-115.
Copyright: © 2020 T Pratheep and G Venkat Kumar. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.