The Efficacy of Medical Consultation to Improve Oral Health Outcomes
in Patients with Sickle Cell Disease
Gail Cherry-Peppers1*, Andrea D Jackson2, Cheryl Fryer1, Candice Mitchell1, Xinbin Gu3, Dana C Jackson4, Robert Gamble1, Albert Cheek1, Gillian Robinson- Warner1, Meirong Liu5, Romella Rodgers6, Floydstyne Williams6, Courtney Ford7, Gretchen Peppers7 Lee Goodloe7, John
Atere7, Thomas Savage7 and Phillip Woods8
1Research Committee, Doctor of Dental Surgery, Office of the Dean, Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, DC. United States of America (USA)
2Dean, Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, DC, USA 3Associate Dean for Research, Chair, Research Committee, Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, DC, USA 4Chair and Program Director Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Howard University
Hospital, Washington, DC, USA 5Research Committee, Associate Professor, School of Social Work, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA 6Project Coordinators, Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, DC, USA 7Summer Student Research Committee, Howard University College of Dentistry/Howard University College Medicine, and Undergraduate Programs, Washington, DC, USA 8Volunteer Clinical Consultant, Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, DC, USA
*Corresponding Author: Gail Cherry-Peppers, Associate Professor, Department of
Restorative Dentistry, Director, Community Services, Howard University College of
Dentistry, Washington, DC, USA.
December 01, 2020; Published: December 29, 2020
Sickle Cell Disease is a complex genetic disorder resulting from the presence of a mutated form of hemo-globin. Morbidity, frequency of crisis, degree of anemia, and organ systems involved vary considerably per patient. Dental health professionals and other specialists commonly request comprehensive medical consultations prior to performing complex periodontal, endodontic, and surgical procedures. It is of great benefit to have a very detailed medical consultation and history of treatment in order to have successful dental outcomes and minimize post-treatment dental complications. This review is to raise awareness about the impact of oral diseases in patients with sickle cell disease and to emphasize the importance of full medical disclosure and a well-documented medical status report which can guide treatment planning and greatly improve the course of dental treatment.
Keywords: Sickle Cell Disease; Sickle Cell Trait; Oral Health
Natrajan K and Kutlar A. “Disorders of the Hemoglobin Structure Sickle Cell Anemia and Related Abnormalities”. Kaushansky K., Lichtman M.A., Prchal J.T., Levi M.M., and Press O.W., and Burns L.J., and Caligiuri M, Eds. Williams Hematology, 9e. McGraw-Hill. (2015): 2-66.
Beutler E. “Erythrocyte disorders; anemias related to abnormal hemoglobin”. In: Williams WJ, Beutler E, Erslev AJ, Lichtman MA. eds. Hematology. New York: McGraw-Hill (1983): 583-608.