Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 11

Machine Learning in Multidimensional Biomarker Design: A Milestone in Precision Medicine - A Systematic Review

Raajasiri Iyengar1 and Gaurav2*

1Final Year Undergraduate Student, NSVK Sri Venkateshwara Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2Consultant Oral Physician and Maxillofacial Radiologist, Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Radiology, NSVK Sri Venkateshwara Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Raajasiri Iyengar, Final Year Undergraduate Student, NSVK Sri Venkateshwara Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Received: September 08, 2020; Published: October 14, 2020

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Abstract

Background: With the emerging era of precision medicine and high-throughput sequencing technologies, huge amount of ‘omics’ data has been gathered. Data interpretation remains a challenge due to the large and evolving magnitude of the dataset [3]. Precision medicine not only includes targeted therapeutics, but also necessitates ‘precision diagnostics’. Rational design of multidimensional biomarkers is the keystone of precision diagnostics, wherein multiple biomarkers are cumulatively assessed using computational techniques to yield specific patterns [1]. Patterns thus obtained are analyzed with Machine learning algorithms to arrive at a diagnosis that is both reliable and accurate.

Aim of the Study: To determine the role of Machine Learning in the rational design of multidimensional biomarkers.

Research Question: Can Machine Learning enable rational design of multidimensional biomarkers which serve as molecular signatures for specific disease states?

Materials and Methods: With the Medline database and Cochrane Collaboration taken as a source for authenticated scientific research data, 45 articles were selected having undergone randomized control trial. Out of these, 14 articles (studies) were chosen which met the criteria for systematic review.

Results and Conclusion: Machine learning enables identification of molecular signatures of specific disease states, by cumulative interpretation of multiple biomarkers simultaneously.

ML Algorithms can discover higher-order interactions among biomarkers, greatly improving the diagnostic performance.

Keywords: Multidimensional Biomarkers; Machine Learning; Rational Design; Precision Medicine

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Citation

Citation: Raajasiri Iyengar and Gaurav. “Machine Learning in Multidimensional Biomarker Design: A Milestone in Precision Medicine - A Systematic Review". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.11 (2020): 21-26.



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