Hisham (El-sayed Abo Elenein) El-sayed1*, Hany Samy Sadek2 and Marwa Mahmoud Bedier2
1Masters Student, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt
2Associate Professor of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Hisham (El-sayed Abo Elenein) El-sayed Ban, Masters Student, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt.
Received: September 09, 2020; Published: October 07, 2020
Aim of the Work: This Comparative Randomized in-vitro study was conducted to compare the antibacterial effect of two different herbal extracts: Cinnamon zylanicum (True Cinnamon) and Azadiracta Indica (Neem) versus Calcium Hydroxide (Ca (OH)2) as an intracanal medication against Enterococcus Faecalis (E. faecalis) in single-rooted premolars teeth.
Materials and Methods: Thirty nine single-rooted premolars teeth were randomly divided according to the intracanal medication used into three groups (n = 13), either True Cinnamon or Neem or Ca (OH)2.
The teeth were decoronated, infected with E. faecalis and incubated for 21 days, then Pre-operative sample (S1) was taken using size 25 sterile paper points. The root canals were prepared using ProTaper Universal rotary system till size F4, then Post-Instrumentation sample (S2) was taken using F4 sterile ProTaper paper points; this was followed by the application of the intracanal medications for 7 days, then the Post-medication sample (S3) was taken using F4 sterile paper points. The antibacterial effect was assessed using Agar Diffusion Test to count the colony forming units.
Results: Showed that there was no difference in the antibacterial effect of True Cinnamon, Neem and Ca (OH)2, however in each group there was a statistically significant difference in the antibacterial effect between the Pre-operative samples (S1), the Post-Instrumentation sample (S2) and the Post-medication sample (S3).
Conclusion: True Cinnamon, Neem and Ca (OH)2 showed similar antibacterial activity against E. faecalis, when used as intracanal medications for 7 days.
Keywords: Cinnamon zylanicum; Cinnamon; Azadiracta indica; Neem; Calcium Hydroxide; Antibacterial; Enterococcus faecalis
Citation: Hisham (El-sayed Abo Elenein) El-sayed., et al. “Comparative Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of Cinnamon zylanicum (True Cinnamon) and Azadirachta indica (Neem) Herbal Extracts Versus Calcium Hydroxide Intracanal Medication against Enterococcus faecalis in Single Rooted Premolars Teeth: A Randomized In Vitro Study". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.11 (2020): 02-09.
Copyright: © 2020 Hisham (El-sayed Abo Elenein) El-sayed., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.