Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Forensic Cheiloscopy in the Process of Individual Identification

Karamustafić Vildana1*, Zukić Selma2, Bajsman Anita2 and Vuković Amra2

1Dental Practice ˝DentIN˝, Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje
2Dental Medical School Sarajevo; Department of Tooth Morphology, Dental Anthropology and Forensics

*Corresponding Author: Karamustafić Vildana, Dental practice ˝DentIN˝, Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje.

Received: January 27, 2020; Published: February 25, 2020

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Abstract

  Identification is procedure of establishing a person's identity. Forensic cheiloscopy is the method that is used to identify the person, based on characteristics arrangement and shape of lines that appear on the vermillion part of the lips. The lip prints are fixed, permanent and enable the establishment of classification.
  The purpose of this research is to validate the uniqueness of lip print according to the analysis of the system of grooves which are located at the vermillion of lips, determine the predominant patterns at all participants, as well as the predominant patterns separately at male and at female participants and also to identify existence of individual morphological characteristics at lip prints.
  Research was conducted on 40 participants, including 20 male and 20 female participants. The lip prints are classified according to the Tsuchihashi classification from year 1970. The results have shown that two identical lip prints does not exist. The most frequent pattern in overall participants population was pattern Type I, followed by pattern Type II, Type III, Type I', Type V and Type IV.
  Lip prints are extremely useful in both forensic investigation and individual identification. It can be often found at the crime scene and considered as the most important form of evidence. This is corroborated by the fact that today is developed software for lip print analysis.
  Registration of lip prints could be part of standard dental procedure. In this case, a database would be created, and could be used for comparisons in the identification.

Keywords: Identification; Forensic Cheiloscopy; lip Print

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Citation

Citation: Karamustafić Vildana., et al. “Forensic Cheiloscopy in the Process of Individual Identification”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.3 (2020): 81-84.



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